• Position : Chairman of the Executive Board
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Affiliation : Director of OSCE Academy
  • Affiliation : Vice President, Observer Research Foundation
  • Position : Deputy Director
  • Affiliation : Library of the First President of Kazakhstan – Leader of the Nation
complete list

Roundtable “Prospects of International Cooperation on Global and Regional Security” at the 2nd International Conference “Transformation of International Relations in the XXI Century: Challenges and Prospects,” Moscow, Russia 26.04.2016

Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation


The 2nd International Conference  

Transformation of International Relations

in the XXI Century:
challenges and prospects”


Round Table




Organizers: Institute for Contemporary International Studies of the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian MFA in cooperation with PIR Center


Date: April 26, 2016

Time: 15.00 – 18.00 – Round Table

           16.50 – 17.20 – Coffee Break 

Venue: Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, 53/2 Ostozhenka Street, Moscow, Russian Federation.   Room 443

Working Language – English.    


Twenty five years after the end of the Cold War and numerous steps implemented to make global and regional security systems cooperative, predictable and sustainable, we see significant deterioration of global and regional security situation. PIR Center’s International Security Index (iSi) is on the lowest point from beginning of its calculation ten years ago. Doomsday Clock of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists indicates three minutes to midnight, noting: 'The probability of global catastrophe is very high, and the actions needed to reduce the risks of disaster must be taken very soon.”


It became a commonplace statement that lack of trust is a key factor, which impedes cooperation on global and regional security issues. At the same time, it is hardly possible to find any period in history better suited for trust building than previous 25 years. Thousands of reconciliation and rapprochement programs along with the new level of communication tools gave hope for better mutual understanding and more secure atmosphere. Some of the conflicts were frozen with hope that new generation of people would find better non-military solutions to the old disputes.


However, today we witness a level of hostility much greater than two decades ago, aggressive nationalism in Eurasian space, new wall of misunderstanding and misperception in a bigger Europe. On a global scale we see a deadlock in disarmament process and stagnation in implementation most of the plans adopted by NPT Review Conferences in 1995 – 2010. Creation of new types of weapons that are regulated neither by bilateral nor multilateral agreements can trigger a new arms race.  The issues, that were perceived as a field for cooperation of different countries (fighting terrorism, nuclear security and WMD nonproliferation) turned into a bone of contention.  


At the same time, we see some positive changes. The OSCE got a second wind after the crisis in Ukraine. The six-party talks on Iranian nuclear issue demonstrated efficiency of this format of negotiations. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which helped to mitigate geopolitical risks in Central Asia, will include India and Pakistan, and then, probably Iran. BRICS became a format of cooperation of equal powers, where the decisions are not imposed by one or several counties on other members of the group.


Each year PIR Center asks members of its International Expert Group about their vision of international security development in a coming year, key positive and negative factors influencing global security situation.


We would like to use the opportunity, when members of the International Expert Group, our friends, colleagues and partners from different countries come to Moscow at the end of April, to organize a discussion on prospects of international cooperation on global and regional security with focus on search of the most relevant and productive formats of such cooperation.


Questions for the discussion:


  • What formats of cooperation in global and regional security spheres are more relevant and efficient today? Why?
  • Why the fight against terrorism, including risk of WMD terrorism, has not created common ground for security cooperation of the key global powers? Is there chance to develop global coalition against terrorism? If yes, in what format?
  • Is there a chance that new information and communication technologies could mitigate traditional geopolitical contradictions or they just became a new element of the traditional agenda?
  • Is there any chance that new formats of cooperation, like BRICS will change global security dialogue? Is there real ground for cooperation of BRICS countries in global security?
  • What can be done to overcome lack of trust in the OSCE space (Central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, South Caucasus)? Is there real ground to talk about indivisible security in the OSCE space?  What could be the lessons learned for Eurasian security from the OSCE experience of last two years?
  • Can accession of India and Pakistan to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization improve security dialogue in South Asia? What do India and Pakistan expect from the accession to the SCO?
  • What is the reason for stagnation of the existing global disarmament institution (Conference on Disarmament)? What can breathe new life into functioning of these and other institutions?


If you think that discussion on other questions and cases would help us to understand more on prospects of international cooperation on global and regional security, we will be glad to raise the proposed issues.


Each speaker will have 7-10 minutes for personal remarks and then we will have a one hour discussion.




ORLOV Vladimir A. – Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations at the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Founder and Special Advisor to PIR Center (Russia)




BUZHINSKIY Evgeny, Chairman of the Executive Board, PIR Center (Russia)


DUNAY Pal, Director of OSCE Academy in Bishkek (Hungary)


SHAIMERGENOV Timur, Deputy Director of the Library of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – the Leader of the Nation (Kazakhstan)


SULTAN Maria, Director General of the South Asian Strategic Stability Institute (SASSI, Pakistan)


TANNER  Fred Amb., Senior Advisor to the OSCE Secretary General and Liaison for the Swiss OSCE Chairmanship 2014 in Vienna, Former Director, Geneva Center for Security Policy (Switzerland)


UNNIKRISHNAN Nandan, Vice President and Senior Fellow at the Observer Research Foundation (India).