Articles

In an Vladimir Orlov's interview, director of PIR Center, with Jorge Ferrer, a journalist of the Spanish newspaper El Mundo, the issues of the risks of using nuclear weapons against the background of the Ukrainian conflict are touched upon. We also talked about how the Chekhov rifle differs from nu...

PIR Center conducted an interview with Professor Mustafa Kibaroglu, Ph.D in International Relations, Dean of the Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences at the MEF University in Istanbul, a PIR Center Advisory Board member. We discussed the possibility of exporting U.S. nuclear tec...

Today, on May 20, Colonel General, PIR Center Board Member, Advisor to ANO «Aspect-conversion» Evgeny Petrovich Maslin would have turned 85 years old. He was going to celebrate this anniversary as beautifully and cheerfully as he did 5 years ago, when he celebrated his 80th birthday... On this speci...

Interview with Evgeny Buzhinskiy, a retired Russian lieutenant-general, Ph.D. Military Sciences, chairman of the Executive Board of PIR Center, about the first successful test of the new intercontinental ballistic missile RS-28 Sarmat on April 20 from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome.

 

Yesterday Russia tes...

Interview with Evgeny Buzhinskiy, a retired Russian lieutenant-general, Ph.D. Military Sciences, chairman of the Executive Board of PIR Center, about the first combat use by Russia of the Kinzhal hypersonic missile at the ammunition depot of the Ukrainian army in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast.

 

For what ...

All articles

Experts

Cheban Alexander image
City : Odessa, Ukraine
Affiliation : Odessa Center for Nonproliferation
Position : Research Fellow
Biography :

Earned PhD in Political Science from Odessa National Mechnikov University. The topic of dissertation is connected with reasons of nuclear weapons proliferation in the Middle East. Participant of a number of international conferences on nuclear disarmament and global security problems. Participant of Summer School-2011 of the Russian Center for Policy Studies (PIR Сenter). PIR Center Intern in 2012. Author of publications devoted to the problems of nuclear proliferation and disarmament. Victor of PIR Сenter review competition for the film “Nuclear Tipping Point”. The sphere of scientific interests covers the problems of nuclear proliferation and disarmament, questions of theMiddle Eastregional security. Member of the PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Cooperation in Mass Destruction Weapon Nonproliferation and Physical Nuclear Safety in 2012.

Kolbin Alexander S. image
City : London
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Consultant
Expertise :
Tactical nuclear weapons in Europe
Russian nuclear policy
Nuclear disarmament
Arms control
Biography :

Head of Market Expertise Department at VDG. PIR Center Consultant. Until November 2020 - Director for International Organizations Affairs, Volga-Dnepr Group (New York, NY, United States). Until 2018 – Advisor to the President and CEO of the Volga-Dnepr Group. Until 2013 – “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Coordinator, PIR Center Research Fellow. In 2012 – Guest Researcher at the Stockholm Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). In 2017 graduated from King’s College London with MA in Non-Proliferation and International Security (with Merit). In 2011 graduated from National Research Tomsk State University with a major in “International Relations”. Winner of the PIR Center’s 2010 Summer School in International Security. 02/22

Kuchinov, Vladimir P. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Member of the Central Board, Nuclear Society of Russia
Expertise :
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Nuclear energy sector
Nuclear safety
Biography :

In 2008-2018 - Advisor to the Director General, Rosatom State Corporation for Atomic Energy. In 1998-2002 - Deputy Head, since 2002 - Head of the Department of International and Economic Cooperation of the Ministry of Atomic Energy and the Federal Agency for Atomic Energy. In 2004-2008 Head of the section for International cooperation of Federal Agency on Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation. In 1991-1994 - Advisor to the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Organizations in Vienna. Employee of the IAEA in 1980-1985 and in 1994-1998. In 1969 he graduated from the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute as an engineer-physicist. 

Maslin, Evgeny P. (1937–2022) image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center Executive Board member, Consultant ANO ASPECT-CONVERSION
Biography :

Colonel General (Ret.), one of the founders of Russia's programs for international cooperation in the dismantlement of surplus armaments, an accomplishment recognized by the award of several government honors, including the Order of the Red Star, Order for Service to the Fatherland, and many medals. A leading expert on nuclear security, nuclear weapons reductions, and verification mechanisms. Laureate of the Russian State Prize. Worked in USSR/Russian Ministry of Defense organizations for more than 40 years, including from 1992-1997 as head of the Russian Ministry of Defense 12th Main Directorate, which is responsible for the security of nuclear munitions. Author of many publications in Russian and English, including articles on nuclear security, the Cooperative Threat Reduction program, and nuclear nonproliferation. He was awarded the Order of Military Merit and the Order of Courage.

He was born on May 20, 1937, in the village of Novotomnikovo, Morshansky district, Tambov region. He graduated from an elementary four-grade school in Voronezh, a seven-year school, and a secondary school in 1954.

Evgeny Petrovich had served in the Soviet Army since 1954. Graduated from the Military Academy of Communications named after S. M. Budyonny (Leningrad) in 1959. Since 1959, he served in the units of the 12th Main Directorate of the USSR Ministry of Defense (responsible for the operation, storage, maintenance, transportation and disposal of nuclear ammunition): military engineer, head of the group, head of the department, since 1979 - chief engineer of the compound (Vologda region), since 1981 - commander of the compound (Vologda). Graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 1993.

Since April 1989 - First Deputy Head of the 12th Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR. Since July 16, 1992 - Head of the 12th Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The period of service in these leadership positions fell at the time of the collapse of the USSR. General Maslin ensured the export of nuclear ammunition and top-secret equipment to Russia, first from the countries of Eastern Europe, and then from the former Soviet Union republics that became independent states. An active participant in negotiations with the United States on security, arms reduction and mutual control of nuclear weapons.

Since 1997, Evgeny Petrovich has retired. However, he continued to be active, was a major expert in the field of nuclear weapons safety and in matters of their safe disposal. Author of a large number of publications on these issues. Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences.

Evgeny Petrovich's acquaintance with the PIR Center was curious — it was not Maslin who found PIR Center, but PIR Center in the person of the director, Vladimir Orlov, found Evgeny Petrovich: "I wasn't going to work at all after a very hard service and just enjoyed the rest. He called me, and we walked around Petrovsky Park for a long time, in general, he charmed me. That's how I ended up at PIR Center. General Maslin worked as a senior advisor to PIR Center, then as a PIR Center Executive Board member. He remained a member of the Board - the highest body of our organization - until the last day of his life.

In 2002, U.S. Senators Sam Nunn and Richard Lugar awarded him the Medal for Services in the field of WMD proliferation threat reduction and contribution to the development of the Joint Threat Reduction Program (Nunn-Lugar Program). 

Thanks to his experience, Colonel General Maslin had always played an important role in improving the effectiveness of the physical protection of the nuclear arsenal of the Russian Federation. Evgeny Petrovich was also actively engaged in teaching, giving lectures and reports to students, young specialists, military and diplomats in Moscow, Geneva, Washington, etc.

He was also actively engaged in public activities: a member of the Boards of the Club of Business People, a member of the Board of the Vologda Community, president of the H. S. Ledentsov Rodnik Foundation.

In April of 2017, Evgeny Maslin gave a speech during the debates “Will the world be safer without nuclear weapons?”, which were part of the seventeenth International School on global security, organized by PIR Center. After having heard both debating sides, Colonel General Maslin shared his own view: “Will the world be more secure without nuclear weapons? First, we need to understand what is “safer”, and what is “world”. For example, in the case of the nuclear war, will the penguins in Antarctica suffer? Of course, they will. Therefore, if we think of the world in terms of the whole planet, then it is high time for humankind to stop threatening each other (with nuclear weapons as well) and start dealing with universal problems. However, in the current situation the world would not be any safer, this is my deepest conviction”.

Evgeny Maslin commented his speeches in the following way: “Whenever I give a presentation on some conferences, I always start with the following: “Dear Ladies and Gentlemen! I would like to say, that first of all am a practitioner. So, I apologize for the fact that my expressions or my views would be slightly different from the generally accepted in the scientific world. Because everything about the nuclear security I know not from the books, but from my own experience”. In his interaction with young specialists at the School Colonel General Maslin also drew on his rich practical experience, which is simply priceless for the new generation of experts.

Evgeny Maslin also participated in the round table “What kind of world does Russia need, and what kind of Russia does the world need?”. His views on the issue Colonel General Maslin expressed in the following way: “Patriotism — is not so much praising and admiration of one’s Motherland, but rather an aspiration to make it better, not so many right words and considerations, but rather right deeds. Right actions of everyone on one’s own place. To raise the children as decent people, give them education, prepare for the responsible life — that is patriotism”.

In an interview in 2014, "The meaning of life is to live" (in Russian) Evgeny Maslin told PIR Center about himself and his life, advised how a senior lieutenant should cope with the post of lieutenant colonel, shared how knowledge of Kipling and Yevtushenko helps in negotiations with the Americans and explained whether it is worth shooting down asteroids with nuclear charges.

The last text prepared by Evgeny Petrovich was an understanding of the Russian-American dialogue on nuclear nonproliferation, which he made at the request of PIR Center: "If young people on both sides of the Bering Strait are thinking about how we can straighten Russian-American relations, not everything is lost," he writes. This text in Russian and English is being published today for the first time, and the book where it is published still smells of printing ink.

To preserve the memory of Evgeny Petrovich Maslin and to honor the talented statesman, PIR Center placed on its website a Colonel General Evgeny P. Maslin Memory Gallery.

loading