Select period

In the course of the sixty-sixth session of the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon held a working lunch with the members of the Advisory Board. Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, member of the Board, Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Founder & Special Advisor to PIR Center, took part in the meeting.


"The relations between Russia and the United States in the field of international security, including nuclear nonproliferation, risk crawling another step down after the US presidential elections, regardless of the outcome ... or even several steps further down. To prevent this dangerous slide towards nuclear escalation, it is necessary to learn the lessons from the Cold War, when our two countries have put their differences aside and seek common ground for their interests in the field of nuclear nonproliferation". – Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Founder & Special Advisor to PIR Center.


In the new issue of the Security Index: Lassina Zerbo, the Executive Secretary of the CTBTO on DPRK nuclear testing and the future of the CTBTO, PIR Center’s recommendations for strengthening the international nuclear non-proliferation regime with comments by Sergio Duarte, High Representative of the UN Secretary General for Disarmament Affairs (2007-2012), Vadim Kozyulin on autonomous combat systems, Andrey Shkarbanov and Konstantin Stalmakhov on civil liability for nuclear damage, Kamal Gasimov on conflicts and squabbles within Syrian opposition, round table discussion on high-tech crime co-sponsored by CCI and PIR Center, Olga Mikhailova on cyber security of NPPs and critical infrastructure, Alyona Makhukova on Humanitarian initiative and the NPT review process.


"Rapidly growing anti-nuclear coalition, which includes countries officially supporting the Humanitarian pledge or the statements on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons, deserves to be substantively studied both theoretically as a stark example of several informal associations of states within the framework of an international treaty, and practically, as an important international relations factor of nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament", — Alyona Makhukova, PIR Center's Research Fellow.


"During the last two and a half months our initiative has received further development. I think, the reaction to our proposals is rather good by the Conference on disarmament standards. More than a dozen countries, including very influential ones, have supported us. The vast majority says that the initiative is interesting and there is a feeling that if we ensure consensus, these countries join it with enthusiasm," – said Mikhail Ulyanov, Director of the Department for Nonproliferation and Arms control, the Russian Foreign Ministry.


“Today the nuclear nonproliferation regime faces a range of key challenges. These challenges fall under four main categories: ongoing difficulties with the implementation and universalization of the treaty, the disturbance of strategic stability, increasingly ineffective mechanisms of multilateral diplomacy, and a lack of progress towards establishing a WMD-free zone in the Middle East” — “Strengthening the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime in 2016-2020”.


“The humanitarian rhetoric has led to polarization in the NPT review process. A group of states with more radical approach regarding the nuclear disarmament is ready to delegitimize the possession of nuclear weapons through additional legal instruments. They have separated from a  wider group of states, which support increased pace of disarmament but are not ready for such drastic actions” — Alena Makhukova, PIR Center's Research Fellow.


“For the moment, the implementation of the deal goes relatively fine. There were some recent attempts on behalf of US Congress Republicans to ban the heavy water purchases from Iran, which would be counter to the JCPOA, but they were thwarted. The more pressing issue is the one about the proper implementation of the sanction relief part of the agreement. With Washington declining to let Iran use its financial system (the country is banned from it under previous non-nuclear sanctions) the uncertainty looms over the future of Iranian assets “unfrozen” under the JCPOA some of which are in US dollars.” – Andrey Baklitskiy, PIR Center “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Director.


“The gravest threat facing the NPT and the nuclear nonproliferation regime stems from the fact that everyone is looking out just for themselves. This ultimately undermines the consensus-based approach – and it was precisely this approach that during the “successful” five-year review cycles held the regime together and prevented its erosion”, - Vladimir Orlov, member of the UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters and Special Advisor to the PIR Center.


“Iranian missile launches do not violate country’s commitments or norms of international law.  All of the provisions of Resolution 1929, that prohibited Tehran from launching ballistic missiles, were terminated in January 2016, and the resolution 2231 merely “calls upon” Iran not to undertake any activity related to such launches, which is not legally binding; the JCPOA does not address the issue of ballistic missile launches.” – Andrey Baklitskiy, PIR Center “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Director.