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Ryabkov, Sergey A. image
Ryabkov, Sergey A.
  • Position : Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
  • Affiliation : Russian Foreign Ministry
complete list
Security Index Authors
Ryabkov, Sergey A. image
Ryabkov, Sergey A.
  • Position : Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
  • Affiliation : Russian Foreign Ministry
complete list

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Issue: №1 (28)

The virtual summit between Presidents Putin and Biden of December 7, 2021, did not address strategic stability and nonproliferation issues in detail as both presidents concentrated on Ukraine-related topics. Yet, strategic stability dialogue and prevention of proliferation of nuclear weapons remain high on the bilateral Russian-U.S. agenda, although closely interconnected with other issues. For the Russian Federation, strengthening the nuclear nonproliferation regime remains a top priority of its foreign and security policy.

In his paper provided exclusively for PIR Center, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov expresses Russia’s position on topical issues of global security and notes the most important obstacles to disarmament and nonproliferation. The author touches upon Russia-U.S. relations in the strategic stability domain and highlights the most pressing challenges to the nuclear nonproliferation regime: the creation of Weapons-of-Mass-Destruction-Free Zone in the Middle East, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty not entering into force, risk of an arms race in outer space, JCPOA, the situation on the Korean Peninsula, and the risk of politicization of IAEA safeguards system. It is especially related to the upcoming 10th Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference, which is going to be in the center of attention the upcoming January. Despite enormous difficulties and challenges in this field, H.E. Ryabkov expresses cautious optimism about the future, hoping for pragmatism and willingness to seek balanced and mutually acceptable solutions to the problems of nuclear nonproliferation and global security to prevail at the Conference and during the Russia-U.S. strategic stability dialogue.

Key findings:

  • Although Russian-U.S. relations are overshadowed by the disintegration of the arms control architecture, mostly due to the destructive course of the previous U.S. Administration, the understanding reached by Presidents Biden and Putin at the Geneva summit opened a window of opportunity for constructive interaction of two major stewards of nuclear arsenals.
  • The long-awaited steps agreed upon by the U.S. and Russian leaders are the following: New START extension, Joint Statement that nuclear war cannot be won and should never be fought, and launch of Strategic Stability Dialogue, which is to serve as insurance of predictability, prevent arms race, build up arms control, and reduce risks of armed conflicts.
  • The underlying idea of the Strategic Stability Dialogue is to jointly develop a “new strategic equation” between the U.S. and Russia, which would embrace the entire spectrum of arms possessed by the states, including offensive weapons and defensive systems.
  • Among major challenges to the nonproliferation regime, Russia highlights the creation of weapons of mass destruction free zone in the Middle East, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty not entering into force, a possible arms race in outer space, Iranian and North Korean crises, and the risk of politicization of IAEA safeguards system.



Security Index Occasional Paper Series presents reports, analytical articles, comments and interviews that reflect the positions of Russian and foreign experts on the current challenges of global security and Russian policy in this sphere. The newsletter aims at providing clear analysis of global security problems and suggesting practical solutions. Security Index Occasional Paper Series continues the Security Index journal published by PIR Center in 1994 – 2016. Authors and editors will be glad to receive comments, questions and suggestions on our e-mail address [email protected]